Mar 09

Bicycle Education Program for Enforcement Officers Syllabus

This course is based on the Pennsylvania Bicycle Drivers Manual.


Pedalcycle:  A vehicle propelled solely by human-powered pedals.

Sections of greatest interest

Section 3501
(a) General rule. — Every person riding a pedalcycle upon a roadway shall be granted all of the rights and shall be subject to all of the duties applicable to the driver of a vehicle

Pedalcycle operators must stop for all appropriate signs and signals.

Section 3505
(b) — A pedalcycle shall be operated in the same direction as required of vehicles operated on the roadway.

Section 3301
(d) One-way roadways. — Any person operating a pedalcycle upon a roadway, which carries traffic in one direction only and has two or more marked traffic lanes, may ride as near the left-hand curb or edge of the
roadway as practicable.

Section 3507
(a) Lamps and reflectors. — Every pedalcycle when in use between sunset and sunrise shall be equipped on the front with a lamp which emits a beam of white light intended to illuminate the pedalcycle operator’s path and visible from a distance of at least 500 feet to the front, a red reflector facing to the rear which shall be visible at least 500 feet to the rear, and an amber reflector on each side. Operators of pedalcycles may supplement the required front lamp with a white flashing lamp, light-emitting diode or similar device to enhance their visibility to other traffic and with a lamp emitting a red flashing lamp, light-emitting diode or similar device visible from a distance of 500 feet to the rear.

Section 3507
(c) Brakes.–Every Pedalcycle shall be equipped with a braking system which will stop the pedelcycle in 15 feet from a initial speed of 15 miles per hour on a dry, level and clean pavement.

Section 3508
(a) Right-of-way to pedestrians.– A person riding a pedalcycle upon a sidewalk or pedalcycle path used by pedestrians shall yield the right-of-way to any pedestrian.

Section 3508
(b) Business districts.– A person shall not ride a pedalcycle upon a sidewalk in a business district.

Section 3510. Pedalcycle helmets for certain persons.
(a) General rule.– A person under 12 years of age shall not operate a pedalcycle or ride as a passenger on a pedalcycle unless the person is wearing a pedalcycle helmet.

Section 2 – SAFE RIDING POSITION      (40 mInutes + Q & A)

With very few exceptions, the safest way to ride is as part of the traffic, going with the flow of the normal traffic pattern. Bicyclists who ride this way get where they’re going faster and, according to scientific crash studies, have about five times fewer crashes than bicyclists who make up their own rules (J. Forester; Effective Cycling. Cambridge, MA, MIT Press, 1985).

Where there are parked cars, the usable width of the street begins about 3 feet out from them . As you approach a blind intersection or driveway, you should be even farther from the edge of the road.
By riding a safe distance from roadside hazard, you increase your safety. At a), the motorist in the driveway sees you; at b), the motorist overtaking you will not take the easy way out and skim by your elbow; at c), the car door is no threat; and at d), the motorist behind can see you.

Don’t weave between parked cars, where you become invisible to overtaking drivers.
On multilane road with narrow lane ride in the middle of right lane (a). Don’t hug the edge (b).



When turning left from the left side of a lane, don’t let left-turning cars behind you pass you on the right. While waiting, keep near the middle or make a slow signal with your right hand. As you enter the intersection, ride straight ahead for a few feet so the left-turning cars behind you can pull to your left.

Correct paths for left turns. a) The bicyclist has turned left from the right middle of a narrow left turn lane. b) The bicyclist has turned left from the left middle of a narrow left-and-through lane. c) The cyclist turns from near the center of a two-lane street and enters the inner lane of a four-lane street to avoid the right-turning car entering the outer lane.

Cyclists need to cross a diagonal railroad crossing at a right angle.

U.S. Department of Transportation
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
Bicyclists and other Cyclists

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